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Youth unemployment in Europe

According to information from the European Commission (EUROSTAT), a quarter of 14 to 25 year-olds in Europe are unemployed.

In August 2013, 5.5 million young people (under 25) were unemployed in the EU-28, of whom 3.45 million were in the euro area, placing the youth unemployment rate in 23.3 % in the EU-28 and in 23.7 % in the euro area.

By country, Germany and Austria have the lowest rates, with 7.7 % and 8.6 % respectively. Spain, with 56 % has the second highest rate.

The value of dual training systems in reducing youth unemployment, facilitating the transition from learning to employment and responding to the skills needs of labour market, is strongly acknowledged.


Promotion of dual training is an essential goal in the framework of the European cooperation and with this project the partners also hope to contribute to get it by sensitizing society, Public Authorities and enterprises on the advantages that a vocational education and training system, as the dual one, may provide to our youth easy access to employment.

But our specific objective is implementing a real transfer of experienced knowledge on dual training systems from experienced players from Germany and Austria to Spain and Portugal focused on training company trainers on transversal skills and competences.

We understand that workers, who will become, in the nearest future, the educators and trainers of the future apprentices and trainees need to learn to teach and need to be trained on communicative, methodological and personal competences.


This project has generated the following basic results and products:

  • A Strategic Plan with recommendations to be considered when implementing a dual vocational training system in Spain and Portugal, a SWOT analysis and a summary of the analysis performed.
  • A implementation manual: How to successfully implement the dual vocational training programme. The DUALVET approach.

    This manual is divided up into four chapters:
    • An introduction to the Dual Vocational Training System. The secret behind the success of Germany and Austria.
    • Practical guide for companies organising and directing dual vocational system training. With a special reference to the tourism and automotive sectors.
    • Key issues and formal requirements enabling companies to successfully implement dual training.
    • Practical guide for dual training company tutors as regards transversal skills.
  • A network comprised of Public Authorities, Teaching Institutions, Business Associations, Chambers of Commerce and Crafts, Businesses, Trade Unions and other agents interested in dual vocational training systems.
  • The development and implementation of a pilot training programme for dual training company tutors/instructors.

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission
cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.